For many students, the PSAT is their first real experience with standardized testing. The PSAT/NMSQT (Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test) provides valuable testing experience and exposes students to SAT and ACT-like questions and testing conditions. By preparing thoroughly for the PSAT, students establish a strong foundation for future testing. Juniors take the PSAT in October and many sophomores either take the PSAT in October or the PSAT 10 in the spring. Schools have the option to administer the PSAT 8/9 to eighth and ninth graders throughout the school year.

Colleges do not see PSAT scores. However, the College Board uses junior-year PSAT scores to qualify students for a variety of college scholarships, including a National Merit Scholarship. The National Merit Scholarship requires comparable scores on either the SAT or ACT. This honor also distinguishes a student’s college application. Whether they are planning to focus on the SAT or ACT as a junior, strong students should take preparation seriously to increase their chances of earning the National Merit designation. For more in-depth information on the PSAT, read our blog post, “The PSAT – Demystified.”


The PSAT has four sections: Reading, Writing and Language, and two Math sections, one with the use of a calculator and one without. Students receive two scores: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (scored 160-760) and Math (scored 160-760) for a combined score of 320-1520. In addition, the College Board provides you with a percentile, a benchmark, and Cross-Test Scores. For a complete breakdown of the PSAT score report, including percentiles, answer key, and scaled scores read click here. You can also read our blog post, “Understanding your PSAT Score Report.”

Accessing your PSAT score report

When your PSAT score report is ready (between December 9-12), you will get an email from the College Board.

Step 1: In order to view your report, you must create a College Board account.  If you do not already have a College Board account, click here to create a College Board Account for the first time.

Please do not create a new College Board account if you already have one. If you’ve forgotten which email address you provided or have other technical difficulties, contact College Board customer service at 866-315-6068 or visit their Creating and Managing Your Account page.

Step 2: Access your online PSAT score report.

NMSC Selection Index

The College Board uses junior-year PSAT scores to qualify students for a variety of college scholarships. If your number on the selection index is above your state’s cutoff (which changes every year), you may qualify for different levels of honors and scholarships. If you have ever heard of someone being awarded a National Merit Scholarship, this is the first step towards that distinction.

Cutoffs for boarding school students are determined regionally as opposed to at the state level. For example, a student attending a boarding school in the Northeast must meet the highest cutoff of any state within the Northeast region.

Students who are homeschooled are treated like any other students in their state. Meanwhile, U.S. students studying abroad have to meet the highest state cutoff in the country.

Below are the National Merit Semifinalist and Commended Student cutoffs for recent years.

Commended Students are named on the basis of a nationally applied Selection Index score that may vary from year to year. Semifinalists are designated on a state-by-state basis; they are the highest scoring test-takers in each state.

To calculate your Selection Index, take your section scores (scored 160-760) and:

  1. Drop the final zero in your scores
  2. Double your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing score
  3. Add your Math score

For example, for students who scored a 710 on the verbal section and a 700 on the math section, the Selection Index score would be (71×2)+70=212, which would have earned them the Commended Student designation.

Approximately 3% of test-takers are recognized as Commended Students, and about 1% of students earn the Semifinalist title. Because the verbal score is doubled in the Selection Index calculation, it is easier to reach the cutoffs with a strong verbal score than with a strong math score.

In order to become a Finalist, Semifinalists must take the SAT or ACT to confirm their scores on the PSAT and fill out an application. Ninety percent of Semifinalists become Finalists and are eligible for a number of honors and scholarships.

Moreover, PSAT scores can allow students to qualify for a number of other scholarships and recognition programs that are often related to a student’s background or other involvements.

If you miss the PSAT

A student who does not take the PSAT/NMSQT because of illness, an emergency, or other extenuating circumstances, but meets all other requirements for NMSC program participation, may still be able to enter the competition. The student or a school official must write to NMSC as soon as possible after the PSAT/NMSQT administration to request information about procedures for alternate entry to the National Merit Scholarship Program.

The following requirements must be met for the 2022 National Merit Competition. Note this is for students who were not able to take the test in October 2021 nor January 2021.

To enter the 2022 National Merit Scholarship Program based on SAT scores in lieu of PSAT/NMSQT scores, students must:

  1. Take an official administration of the SAT given from August 2020 to June 2021;
  2. Request that the College Board SAT Program send an official report of their SAT scores to NMSC (code 0085). The SAT Program will not report their scores to NMSC unless they request it. Students cannot use a photocopy of the score report sent to them or to their high school as a substitute for the official report; and
  3. Visit immediately to complete the Alternate Entry Form.

Students cannot be considered in the 2022 National Merit Scholarship Program unless they complete an online form no later than Thursday, April 1, 2021. NMSC will not accept Alternate Entry Form submissions after this date. Students should submit SAT scores as soon as they become available. NMSC must receive their SAT scores no later than October 15, 2021.

For more information for the 2022 Competition, please click here.

The earlier NMSC receives the written request, the greater the student’s opportunities for meeting alternate entry requirements. Upon receiving and processing the request, NMSC will provide alternate entry materials, including instructions for program entry and a form that requires the signature of a school official.

PSAT 8/9 and PSAT 10

The PSAT 8/9 and PSAT 10 provide students with the perfect “low-stakes” testing environment:

  • the exams don’t count towards National Merit
  • they are taken again after academic growth so improvement is something that can be measured
  • they can simply be used as a diagnostic of where students are at a given moment in time
  • they can also inspire students to start the college process early

Schools have the option of administering the PSAT 8/9 and the PSAT 10, though not all do. Confirm your school’s PSAT offering with your Guidance Department.

Regardless of which version of the test a student takes, the PSAT provides valuable test-taking experience, actionable information, and might also yield some accolades and scholarships along the way!